Child labour has continued to manifest itself in many forms. Kenya like many other African countries is home to millions of children experiencing the worst forms of child labour. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), child labour in Africa is expected to rise to more than 100 million by the year 2015 from the current 80 million because poverty continued to force children out of school.
As a result of a Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) survey on child Labour undertaken by ILO-IPEC in four districts, Kwale showed higher levels of child labour and this informed AMWIK programme on child labour in Kwale and Malindi that were implemented in April 2008.
The programme identified commercial sex, drug trafficking and human trafficking for labour as some of the worst forms of child labour. It is worth pointing out; however that commercial sex seems to override the other forms. AMWIK strongly believes that awareness creation is important in curbing child labour and held a stakeholders workshop in Kwale from August 12 – 13, 2008.
The workshop provided a platform for awareness creation and development of intervention mechanisms that communities in Kwale can put in place to curb the practice. AMWIK operates on the premise that the participants will act as primary change agents with trickling effect to the wider community.
AMWIK has also implemented Community Radio Listening Groups to Create Awareness towards Social Mobilisation against use of child labour in commercial agriculture in Kiambu and fish industry in Kisumu districts supported by WINROCK International.
The programme aimed to raise awareness on child labour in the two districts through the use of radio programmes listening by community groups and child rights clubs. During the two programmes working children were identified where some were enrolled back in schools while others were enrolled for vocational training.